Brief introduction of American Football (Part 2)

Scoring

When a player scores a touchdown that worth of six points to their team. A touchdown can be scored by either delivering the ball into the end zone or receiving the ball from a pass whilst in the end zone. After a touchdown has been recorded, the attacking team have chance to kick the ball for an extra point. The ball must deliver between the upright posts for a successful kick.

A field goal can be made from anywhere on the pitch at any time (usually on the final down) and a successful kick will be worth of three points. A safety is where the defensive team manages to follow and tackle an attacking opponent in their own end zone; for this the team will receive 2 points.

Winning the Game

The team that win the most points at the end of the game will be the winner. If the points are tied then over time will come into play where the teams will compete an additional quarter until a winner is announced.

Rules of American Football

Each aame last for four quarters of 15 minute. There are 2 minute break between the 1st & 2nd and 3rd & 4th quarters and a 15 minute rest between 2nd and 3rd quarters (half time).

Each team has 4 downs to gain at least 10 or more yards. They can deliver the ball by  either throwing or running the ball to make the yards. As soon as the team gains the required yards then the downs are reset and the yardage resets. Failure to make the yardage after 4 downs, the match will enter a turnover.

There are hundreds of different matches that players can run on any down. Plays are made up by the teams and often have players running all over the field (routes) in what is essentially organised chaos. The head coach or quarterback calls the on field area plays for the attacking team whilst the defensive captain calls the plays for the defensive team.

At the beginning of every game is the coin toss to determine which team receives the ball first and which side of the pitch they want to begin with.

The game staets with a kick-off where one team punts the ball down field for the other team to then run back with the ball as far as possible.