Parts of A Standard American Football Pitch Explained

Unlike soccer, American football is played in a pitch measured in yards and each inch matters. The markings of the pitch are in English measurements and their purpose is to help track movements of the players on the pitch.

The success of a team depends on the yards they allow or accumulate. The NFL football pitch has to be rectangular and measuring 120 yards (110meters) long by 53 yards, 1 foot (49 meters) wide. You will realize that some pitches are made of artificial turf and in an indoor stadium.

Parts of a standard NFL football pitch:


The sideline is 6-foot-wide (1.8 meters wide) and forms the boundary line running the length of both sides of the pitch.

End line

This is the 6-foot-wide boundary line connecting two parallel sidelines. The sidelines and end lines form a rectangle and two pylons are usually situated at the end of this line.

End zone

The end zone is a two 10-yard-wide (9-meter wide) area at both sides of the pitch after crossing the end line. When behind a team, the end zone is the end zone of the team but when it is ahead of them, it is the opponent’s end zone.


Goal lines are the 8-inch wide (20-cm-wide) lines that run across the front of end zones. Each team should have two pylons to flank each end of their goal line.

Hash marks and yard lines

The purpose of hash marks is to mark each yard. After every five hash marks, you will find a solid white line, running from sideline to the other. After every 10 yards, the lines are numbered (as 10, 20, 30, 40).


Goalposts extend 10 feet (3 meters) high. The posts rise to 30 feet height (9 meters) above ground. They feature a 42-inch ribbon tied on the top.